'''Alexis-Charles-Henri Clérel de Tocqueville''' (; 29 July 1805 – 16 April 1859) was a French political philosophy|political thinker
and historian best known for his works ''Democracy in America
'' (appearing in two volumes: 1835 and 1840) and ''The Old Regime and the Revolution
'' (1856). In both of these, he analyzed the improved living standards and social conditions of individuals, as well as their relationship to the market and state in Western societies. ''Democracy in America'' was published after Tocqueville's travels in the United States, and is today considered an early work of sociology and political science
Tocqueville was active in French politics, first under the July Monarchy
(1830–1848) and then during the Second French Republic|Second Republic
(1849–1851) which succeeded the Revolutions of 1848 in France|February 1848 Revolution
. He retired from political life after Napoleon III|Louis Napoléon...